official site
Office de tourisme Oh ! Jura

  • 25 2017

    8°C -2°C

  • 26 2017

    -2°C -4°C

Infos pistes Bellefontaine Infos pistes Morbier Infos pistes Longchaumois

Heritage / History

 

Things to know :

The Haut-Jura is a land known for its many skills often called "know-iron" as they are focused on metal work, ingenuity of its inhabitants who survived.

The advice from our Tourism Office :

Morez, two urban walking tours (one hour each) trace the history of the city through the nails, clock, enamel and bezel. An excellent book on the morézien Heritage (references) is on sale at the museum shop.


 

During the Middle Ages, villages in the Haut Jura where specific due to isolated big farms such as you can find in “Longchaumois”. These agricultural villages belonged to Saint Claude Priory. It is only after French Revolution that these villages became independent.

The History of Morez starts in the 15th century. It is closely link to the use of wood and water as prime mover. The existence of the river “La Bienne” encourages a first blacksmith to build a watermill, a forge and a sawmill around 1565. This savage “Combe” will be named “La Combe à Morel” as a tribute to him.

At the end of the 18th century, Pierre Hyacinthe Cazeaux, a nailer has the idea to make big glasses frames with wire. The glasses manufacturing develops in Morez and its surroundings because all farmers have a workshop in their farms so they can have a complementary activity during long winter with no agricultural work going on. Meanwhile, the Mayet Brothers manufacture the first “Comtoise” clocks in Morbier while some people from “Longchaumois” (Chaumerands) start the artisan activity of linear meters.

At the end of the 19th century, Morez is known worldwide for its glasses manufacturing and exports the products all over the world. The end of the 20th century with its numerous crises will be harder to handle but Morez remains today the national capital of glasses manufacturing. The activity employs 1500 people, make 2 millions of frames a year, creates 2000 new models each year and welcomes thousands of visitors in its new “Musée de France” (The glasses museum in Morez) based on the great collection from “Essilor-Marly”.

“Comtoise” clocks are still made in Morbier and Bellefontaine and “La maison du mètre” (the meter house) opened in “Longchaumois” in 2011.

The special work of enamel begins in the middle of the 18th century to ensure the manufacturing of enameled dials for Comtoise clocks. A century later this industry will be at its best thanks to “Coeurs de Morez” which are enameled hearts posted onto graves, street signs and houses numbers. This know-how still exists nowadays in our region.

 

Religious buildings heritage:

  • Church of Morez : antic type architecture with an organ which is listed in “Monuments Historiques” (historical monuments).
  • Church of Morbier : striking resemblance with the one in Morez but with the particularity that you will find a 6 meter high Comtoise clock in the left entrance
  • Church of Longchaumois : one of the most amazing and typical rural churches in the “Haut Jura” with a Roman nave, gothic choir, listed statues from the 16th century and furniture from the 19th century.
  • Church of Bellefontaine : typical from “Haut Jura”, it was restored in 2009/2010.
  • Church of La Mouille : the community already existed in 1549 and was composed of the villages of “Les Rousses”, “Bois D’Amont” and “Morez”! Way more than just a small village church, one can say it is the origin of our territory.

Geo-location and GPS coordinates:

- Church of Morbier:Lat. : 46.536316 grades - Long. : 6.016363 grades
- Church of Morez :Lat. : 46.520264 grades - Long. : 6.023994 grades
- Church of Longchaumois :Lat. : 46.460013 grades - Long. : 5.931297 grades
- Church of Bellefontaine :Lat. : 46.558602 grades - Long. : 6.065971 grades
- Church of La Mouille :Lat. : 46.502498 grades - Long. : 5.978215 grades

Office de Tourisme Oh ! Jura
Place Jean Jaurès - BP 80106
39403 MOREZ cedex

Tel : 03.84.33.08.73.
Mail : tourisme@haut-jura.com

Low season : Monday to Friday 9:30 - 12h and 14h - 17h
Winter high season ( Christmas holidays , February) : Monday to Saturday 9am - 12pm & 1:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.
High season summer (July & August) : Monday to Saturday 9am - 18pm. Sunday 9am - 12pm. The 14/07: 9h-12h
On August 14 & August 15 , the office will be open from 09h to 12h in the morning instead .

Newsletter :

Jura tourism parc Haut jura montagnes du jura Arcade